Diet options for weight loss and heart health abound. But do some stand out from the rest? Not really, a recent study found.
A new study looked at past research on the famous Atkins, South Beach, Zone and Weight Watchers diets. The researchers measured how well the diets worked by seeing how long their weight loss results lasted.
Mark J. Eisenberg, MD, MPH, of McGill University in Montreal, Canada, led the study. The differences between the diets were small, the researchers concluded.
All four diets had modest short-term results.
The findings suggested that Weight Watchers may have better long-term weight loss success than the other diets. This was because only Weight Watchers dieters showed steady weight loss results.
Tina Marinaccio, MS, RD, CPT, owner of Health Dynamics LLC in Morristown, NJ, and adjunct professor at Montclair State University, told dailyRx News that many diets can promote weight loss and heart health, but the best ones are personalized.
“Any diet that restricts calories will result in weight loss," she said. "But, can the weight-loss be maintained? That seems to be the real challenge ... For managing weight, and maintaining cardiovascular health, plant-based diets are the way to go. Individualized programs should be developed with a registered dietitian, based on preferences and lifestyle, to promote adherence, and therefore optimal health.”
There was not enough data to see how well the diets decreased heart risk issues, Dr. Eisenberg and team noted. The limited data suggested that heart health outcomes were similar in patients on the Atkins, Weight Watchers, South Beach and Zone diets. Dr. Eisenberg and team called for more research on this topic.
The study authors noted that only focusing on four diets may have limited their study. Other diets could have produced different results, they said.
Dr. Eisenberg and colleagues also noted that the relatively small number of study participants might have limited the study — the findings may not apply to the general population.The authors took an in-depth look at 26 past studies on these diets. They studied a total of 3,575 people.
This study was published Nov. 11 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.
The Canadian Institutes of Health Research funded this study. The authors disclosed no conflicts of interest.
Taken from DailyRx. Find the original article here.
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